Attending to spirituality in higher and adult education, particularly as it relates to emancipatory and transformative approaches to education, is about the engagement of passion, which involves the knowledge construction processes of the whole person. The engagement of people’s passion is generally not only about critical reflection or ‘rational discourse’ it is also about engaging people’s hearts and souls, as well as their minds - or as Abalos (1998) suggests, the engagement of all four faces of their being: the personal, political, historical, and sacred faces. When new ideas and critical reflection are applied to and rooted in learners’ culture, history, personal life experiences, and spirituality, education can be both passionate and transformative.
Elizabeth J. Tisdell. (2003). Exploring spirituality and culture in adult higher education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
D. Abalos. (1998). La Communidad Latina in the United States. Westport, CT: Praeger.